2020欧洲杯时间

"Drowned City: Hurricane Katrina & New Orleans" by Don Brown

This acclaimed nonfiction book tells the story of Hurricane Katrina in graphic form.

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definitions & notes only words
  1. careen
    move sideways or in an unsteady way
    Katrina careens into the Gulf of Mexico, drawing up eighty-five-degree water that multiplies its strength.
  2. catastrophic
    extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin
    By August 26, it is the most catastrophic of hurricanes, a category 5, with roaring 155-MPH winds.
  3. levee
    an embankment built to prevent a river from overflowing
    It depends on levees and pumps to keep it dry even in the driest of times.
  4. surge
    a sudden forceful flow
    ...New Orleans faces a surge of high water that will be twenty-five feet above normal.
  5. sermon
    an address of a religious nature
    Sirens, bullhorns, church sermons, and radio and TV sound the alarm.
  6. evacuate
    move out of an unsafe location into safety
    Still, approximately 80 percent of residents evacuate, which is a remarkable success.
  7. mandatory
    required by rule
    New Orleans's mayor, Ray Nagin, issues a mandatory evacuation order Sunday morning, but it is too late: the police are in no position to enforce it.
  8. ferry
    transport from one place to another
    Three hundred and sixty city buses are available to ferry people to safety, but they are nowhere to be seen.
  9. devastation
    an event that results in total destruction
    It's complete devastation.
  10. dislodge
    remove or force out from a position
    A drilling platform dislodges and wedges beneath a highway bridge.
  11. frantically
    in an uncontrolled manner
    The flood doesn't stop, and the couple frantically scratches a hole in the roof with a knife to escape.
  12. barge
    a flatbottom boat for carrying heavy loads
    A five-hundred-foot barge rides through a gap in the levees and floats among houses.
  13. refine
    treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition
    A nearby oil refiner tank is smashed by rushing water, and 1.1 million gallons of crude oil join the muck and debris swamping houses.
  14. crude
    not refined or processed
    A nearby oil refiner tank is smashed by rushing water, and 1.1 million gallons of crude oil join the muck and debris swamping houses.
  15. debris
    the remains of something that has been destroyed
    A nearby oil refiner tank is smashed by rushing water, and 1.1 million gallons of crude oil join the muck and debris swamping houses.
  16. generator
    engine that converts mechanical energy into electricity
    But Mayor Nagin has failed to fully stock it with enough generator fuel, food, and bedding.
  17. scour
    rub hard or scrub
    Although the roof is reportedly built to withstand two-hundred-MPH winds, it shreds beneath Katrina's one-hundred-MPH scouring.
  18. choppy
    rough with small waves
    Meanwhile, the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries officers launch their small, flat-bottom boats into the choppy waters and lashing winds to make house-to-house rescues.
  19. hoist
    raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help
    Coast Guard men and women take to the air and water, hoisting people out of the flood and off roofs.
  20. complex
    a whole structure made up of interconnected structures
    The complex of large meeting rooms and halls is closed.
  21. loot
    steal goods; take as spoils
    Shops and businesses are looted, sometimes by people in need of supplies, and other times by thieves who are quick to take advantage of streets without police protection.
  22. mayhem
    violent and needless disturbance
    The mayhem encourages more than a few police officers to join the looting.
  23. stifling
    characterized by oppressive heat and humidity
    People hiding in the Superdome, huddling in the convention center, trapped on roofs, melt in the stifling weather.
  24. breach
    an opening, especially a gap in a dike or fortification
    Water still washes into the city. Some of [the] levee breaches have grown.
  25. stagnant
    not circulating or flowing
    Now the water has grown stagnant and black.
  26. smother
    deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing
    We [are] just in there smothering.
  27. remote
    located far away spatially
    People rescued from the water, from buildings and homes, are dropped off on remote bits of high ground.
  28. aide
    someone who acts as an assistant
    The President's aides complain that gloomy TV news reports contradict information they are receiving from New Orleans.
  29. gloomy
    filled with melancholy and despondency
    The President's aides complain that gloomy TV news reports contradict information they are receiving from New Orleans.
  30. taper
    diminish gradually
    The storm surge tapers away, making the level of the lake fall.
  31. havoc
    violent and needless disturbance
    While heading back to the White House from a Texas vacation, President Bush flies low over New Orleans and the Gulf Coast to glimpse the havoc.
  32. efficient
    being effective without wasting time, effort, or expense
    Within days, Texas provides efficient care to more than 220,000 Katrina evacuees.
  33. frail
    physically weak
    Scores of sick, frail, and elderly people swamp emergency medical clinics.
  34. makeshift
    done or made using whatever is available
    Many are still strapped to doors used as makeshift stretchers.
  35. viscous
    having a relatively high resistance to flow
    The floodwaters are now filthy and viscous and smell of petroleum.
  36. petroleum
    a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
    The floodwaters are now filthy and viscous and smell of petroleum.
  37. waft
    be driven or carried along, as by the air
    Smoke from several fires wafts through the city center.
  38. rubble
    the remains of something that has been destroyed
    Rubble and garbage are everywhere; piled up, it would be two hundred times bigger than Egypt's Great Pyramid.
  39. squalid
    foul and run-down and repulsive
    Young soldiers, some of whom have suffered the same squalid conditions of the evacuees, help old people board the buses.
  40. swamp
    fill quickly beyond capacity, as with a liquid
    It stops fifteen-foot-high waves from swamping the city during Hurricane Isaac in 2012.
Created on July 24, 2019 (updated July 24, 2019)

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